Evidence from Josephus of the Judge in the Trial, Philip the Tetrarch

The following selection is evidence of the Trial Judge whose jurisdiction included Bethsaida. Josephus’ Antiquities of the Jews is available online.

Antiquities 18.4.6

About this time it was that Philip, Herod’s ‘ brother, departed this life, in the twentieth year of the reign of Tiberius, after he had been tetrarch of Trachonitis and Gaulanitis, and of the nation of the Bataneans also, thirty-seven years.

He had showed himself a person of moderation and quietness in the conduct of his life and government; he constantly lived in that country which was subject to him;

he used to make his progress with a few chosen friends; his tribunal also, on which he sat in judgment, followed him in his progress; and when any one met him who wanted his assistance, he made no delay, but had his tribunal set down immediately, wheresoever he happened to be, and sat down upon it, and heard his complaint:

he there ordered the guilty that were convicted to be punished, and absolved those that had been accused unjustly.

He died at Julias; and when he was carried to that monument which he had already erected for himself beforehand, he was buried with great pomp. His principality Tiberius took, (for he left no sons behind him,) and added it to the province of Syria, but gave order that the tributes which arose from it should be collected, and laid up in his tetrachy.

Flavius Josephus. The Works of Flavius Josephus. Translated by. William Whiston, A.M. Auburn and Buffalo. John E. Beardsley. 1895./

About Ron Goetz

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