Gospel Evidence of an Underreported Trial

There are two categories of evidence of an unnarrated and underreported trial in the gospel of Luke.

The first category is familiar to many of us, references to legal trials in the context of persecution.

The second category is reference to a specific trial. This second category contains a single verse.


Luke’s general references include the following:

Luke 12:1-3

Be on your guard against the [yeast of the] Pharisees [which is hypocrisy].

There is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, 
or hidden that will not be made known.

What you have said in the dark will be heard in the daylight, 
and what you have whispered in the ear in the inner rooms 
will be proclaimed from the roofs. 

Luke 12:6a

Don’t be afraid of those who can kill the body, but can’t kill the soul. 

Luke 12:11-12

When they bring you before the assemblies,
do not be anxious how or what you are to say;
For the Holy Spirit will teach you in that hour 
what you are to say.


Luke 17:34-35

The second category, gospel material regarding a specific trial, contains the trial summary in Luke 17:34-35.

Two men will be in one bed, 
one will be seized, and the other left. 
Two women will be grinding together, 
one will be seized, and the other left. 

The issue of including the word “men” when rendering a masculine verb from Greek into English is addressed by Vern Poythress of Westminster Theological Seminary.


“Male Meaning in Generic Masculines in Koine Greek”
by Vern Sheridan Poythress.
Westminster Theological Journal 66/2 (2004), pp. 325-36.

The legal genre designation of the gendered couplets is the subject of an article by William Arnal of the University of Regina in Toronto.


W. E. Arnal, “Gendered Couplets in Q and Legal Formulations. From Rhetoric to Social. History”, in: JBL 116 (1997)


To see a list of other posts related to the Evidence, the Bethsaida Trial and the Gay Jew Jesus, click here.

About Ron Goetz

My first wife used to say, "There's nothing so sacred that Ron won't pick it apart." My desire to be a pastor -- that was a temperamental mismatch. She was so patient. If my birth mother had lived somewhere else, maybe I would've become a cold case detective. But I would have had to be J instead of a P, I think. And that mid-life reevaluation, starting adolescence as a GARB fundamentalist and transitioning to a non-theist, that gave me an unusual skill set.
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